- Natural Person – a human being.
- Artificial Person – has rights but not privileges or immunities, and may be held liable. (i.e. – corporations, governmental bodies). — aka fictitious person; juristic person; juridical person; legal person; moral person.
Litigant – the plaintiff or defendant in a court action.
Legal Term Definitions for Various Types of Litigants on the Offense:
Plaintiff – a party who brings a civil suit in a court of law.
Complainant – a person who files a formal accusation of a crime or a plaintiff in a civil suit (court of equity).
Petitioner – a party who presents a petition to a court or other official body, especially when seeking relief.
Appellant – a party who appeals a lower court’s decision, usually seeking reversal of that decision.
Legal Term Definitions for Various Types of Litigants on the Defense:
Defendant – a person sued in a civil proceeding or accused in a criminal proceeding.
Respondant – the party against whom an appeal is taken to a higher court; the appellee or the defendant in a suit in equity.
third-party defendant – a party brought into a lawsuit by the original defendant.
Appellee – a party against whom an appeal is taken from a lower court to a higher court & whose role is to respond to that appeal.
Disclaimer: All material throughout this website is pertinent to people everywhere, and is being utilized in accordance with Fair Use.
All short descriptions of legal terms found throughout this page were compiled using
- Ballantine’s Law Dictionary Legal Assistant Edition by Jack Ballantine (James Arthur 1871-1949). Doctored by Jack G. Handler, J.D. © 1994 Delmar by Thomson Learning. ISBN 0-8273-4874-6.
- Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black, Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-61300-4
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