“Plaintiff” – & related definitions

Definition of PLAINTIFF:

“A party who brings a civil suit in a court of law. — Abbr. Pltf.

Definition of COMPLAINANT:

(15c.) 1. The party who brings a legal complaint against another; especially, the plaintiff in a court of equity, or, more modernly, a civil suit.”

    “A suit in equity, under the procedure of the English Court of Chancery, which was generally adopted in the American States prior to the code, is instituted by the plaintiff iling a bill of compliant.  The plaintiff is usually called the complainant, in the Federal courts the complainant or plaintiff indifferently.  The bill is in substance a petition to the chancellor, or judge of the court of equity, setting forth at large the grounds of the suit, & praying the process of the court, its subpoena, to bring the defendant into court & compel him to answer the plaintiff’s bill, &, also, for such relief by decree or interlocutory remedy, by way of injunction, etc., as the plaintiff supposes himself entitled to.

– Edwin E. Bryant, The Law of Pleading Under the Codes of Civil
Procedure 55 (2d. ed. 1899)

2. Someone who, under oath, signs a statement establishing reasonable grounds to believe that some named person has committed a crime.Also termed affiant.”

Definition of DEFENDANT:

(14c) A person sued in a civil proceeding or accused in a criminal proceeding – Abbr. D.

Definition of THIRD-PARTY DEFENDANT:

(1927) A party brought into a lawsuit by the original defendant”

Definition of TRIBUNAL:

(15c.) 1. A court of justice or other adjudicatory body. 2. The seat, bench, or place where a judge sits.”

References:

[1]: All definitions from: Black’s Law Dictionary Deluxe Tenth Edition by Henry Campbell Black & Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner. ISBN: 978-0-314-62130-6

How the U.S. Judicial System is Designed to Enable The People to Fix the System when used as Designed